The Region has a well-developed transportation infrastructure. The Kaliningrad Railway has lines to Lithuania and Poland and a total route length of 756 km. The region has one of Russia's best road systems with 6.800 km of paved roads (92% of the total length).
Kaliningrad has direct passenger busses to seven cities in Poland and three cities in Germany as well as air and rail connections to other centres.
The ice-free ports, which can receive sea-going ships and river boats all year-round, form the basis of the region's transportation facilities. They handle nearly 5 million tons of various cargoes per year, and there is even enough available capacity to handle up to 12 million tons. Commercial and fishing ports and Western shipping lines are all part of the marine transport sector. Twenty companies have their own berths along the maritime canal, in Kurshsky and Kaliningrad bays as well as on the Neman, Pregolya and other inland rivers.
Kaliningrad's Khrabrovo Airport is located near Khrabrovo. The airport mainly connects Kaliningrad to other Russian cities, but also offers flights to other cities in Europe.
In Baltiysk, one can take a ferry to St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, Riga, and Kiel.
Kaliningrad's international railway station is Kaliningrad Passazhirsky, which in German times was known as Königsberg Hauptbahnhof. Trains depart in the directions of Malbork, Berlin, Baltiysk, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, Kharkiv, Anapa, and Bagrationovsk. A unique feature of the Kaliningrad railway is that some tracks in the direction of Poland and Berlin have a standard gauge of 1,435-millimeter (56.5 in), whereas the commonly Russian tracks have a standard gauge of 1,520 millimeters (60 in). This difference is a relic of the Cold War due to strategic reason. Nowadays it is of great use for good traffics as well as for travellers. In Passzhirsky station both track systems are used. Hence, passengers can change platform if they travel to Berlin.